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- Any fermented mixture which, after distillation, would produce distilled spirits
(Ethanol CH3CH2OH, with impurities).
- Water gas
- Mixture of Hydrogen (H2) and Carbon Monoxide (CO)
- Water glass (Soluble Glass)
- A hydrated Sodium Silicate, Na2Si4O9.xH2O,
either an amorphous solid or in thick aqueous solution, used as a binder or adhesive.
- Water of Minderus
- A solution of Ammonium Acetate (NH4C2H3O2).
- Water of Rabel
- A solution of Ethyl Ether (CH3CH2OCH2CH3) in
- A term referring to beeswax only, as the Hydrocarbon waxes were not available in
- The liquid which remains after milk is curdled, usually in the process of cheese-making
- White Arsenic
- Arsenious Oxide (As2O3) Made from Arsenical soot from the roasting
ovens, purified by sublimation.
- White Calx of Antimony
- Mixture of Antimony Oxide (Sb2O3) and Potassium Oxide (K2O).
- White Copper
- An alloy of Arsenic (As), Copper (Cu), and Zinc (Zn).
- White Copperas
- Zinc Sulphate (ZnSO4)
- White Lead
- Basic Lead Carbonate (Pb(CO3)2 . Pb (OH)2).
Used as a pigment.
- White Manganese
- Manganous Carbonate (MnCO3)
- White Precipitated Mercury (Precipitate of Sublimate of Mercury)
- Mercurammonium Chloride (HgNH2Cl)
- White Vitriol
- Zinc Sulphate (ZnSO4) Described by Basil Valentine. Made by lixiviating
roasted zinc blende (Zinc Sulphide).
- Wind Furnace
- A reverberating furnace.
- Often used more broadly by 18th. century chemists to include any potable liquid which
had become "spiritous" through fermentation; e.g., beer, cider, and mead.
- Barium Carbonate (BaCO3).
- A blue dye prepared from the leaves of the plant Isatis tinctoria.
- A name of Germanic origin originally applied to a native Iron Manganese Tungstate and
later to the element Tungsten, hence the symbol W. Also referenced as a mineral
substance Spumi lupi that was under investigation in the 18th century.
- Wood Ash or Potash
- Potassum Carbonate (K2CO3). Made from the ashes of burnt wood.
- A long, coiled tube, usually of copper, attached to the head of a distillation apparatus
for the purpose of increasing condensation. A worm commonly was used in distilling
- The plant Artemisia absinthium, the leaves of which were used to make an
extract by distillation. Used as a medicinal.
- An infusion of grain, usually malt, which was fermented to produce beer.
- Woulfe Bottle
- A bottle with two or more necked orifices that was used in distillation.