Alchemy Dictionary


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

TABAISIR
Rulandus: i.e., Ashes, Orpine; an Arabic term.
TABALLA ET 'I'ABIELLA TRANSVERSA
Rulandus: A Transverse Counter.
TABELLAE
Rulandus: Crossed Boards.
TABERGETA
Rulandus: i.e., Bleaching.
TABULA
Rulandus: A Screen.
TABULA FERREA
Rulandus: is a Hemispheric Instrument with Furrows or Cavities for receiving the Overflow in Testing and Assaying.
TABULATA FOLLIUM
Rulandus: The Boards of the Bellows.
TAL
Rulandus: Peacocks' Slime, Alkali.
TALCUM
or
TALC
Rulandus: A Transparent Material, Brilliant; similar to those Pearls called Unio, or to the Onion, as it is composed of many layers, and is of flaky nature. There are four species-white, yellow, black, and red.
TALC
Rulandus: Cocted Wine.
TALK
Rulandus: is White like Gypsum, and is therefore called Spar-plaster, Mortar, Magnesian Limestone, etc.
TALPA
or
TULAXIS
Rulandus: A Mole, Rat.
TARITH
or
RUSCIA
Rulandus: is Mercury.
TARO
Rulandus: i.e., the Resin or Oil called Lentiscum.
TARGAR
Rulandus: i.e., Oil of Juniper.
TAIN
Rulandus: Armenian Bolus, which see.
TARTAR
Rulandus: i.e., Tartarum.
TARTARUS
Rulandus: is Calculus of Wine, called Wine-stone by similitude, the stone, or deposit, which cleaves to the sides of vessels. Paracelsus uses it for stone in the bladder or kidneys, or the albuminous deposit in the other members which causes gout.
TALCUM
Rulandus: is believed to be a word of Arabic origin, signifying little sparkling Stars, and it is given by metallurgists to the stone which is composed of layers or flakes, and which is always impervious to fire. Some of these stones are white, dense, and fragile, like Selenite or Moonstone; some have a green light, and are flexible, though very dense. Such are found in the mines of Misnia. There are other species which seem to consist of sparkling Scales, and can be dissolved in water. These are Catsilver or Talc.
TASSUS
Rulandus: i.e., A Worm in the Entrails.
TEFRA
or
KONIS
Rulandus: Ash.
TEGULA
Rulandus: A Mufle [chemical term].
TEGULA FORNICATA
Rulandus: is an Earthen Vessel; vessel of oblong shape, designed as a cover for other vessels to protect the matter, and through which ventilation is also secured. There are several variations in the details of its construction.
TELON
Rulandus: As it were, a Dart of Fire.
TEMPERATURA
Rulandus: A Flux.
TEMPERATURA PRIMA
Rulandus: The First Degree of Heat.
TEMPERATURA SECUNDA
Rulandus: The Second Degree of Heat.
TEMPERATURA TERTIA
Rulandus: The Third Degree of Heat.
TEMPERAMENTUM
Rulandus: is anything which softens the inherent nature of a substance, and puts a curb thereon, by admitting another nature, as Burnt Wine, Ardent Water, etc.
TENACITAS GLUTINIS
Rulandus: A Mineral Resin or Balsam, as that of the Terebinth is a Tree Resin.
TENTA
Rulandus: A Plug of Lint that is put into wounds; a small Spiral Cylinder of Scraped Linen, Rags for Moistening, a Cylinder of Split Lint.
TENUM
Rulandus: A Substance used by Cobblers. Cobblers' Wax.
TERAGOLINIEM
Rulandus: i.e., Composed by the Hand:
1. White, Slimy Earth, which contains Petrified Shells.
2. White, Soapy Earth, Fuller's Earth.
3. Very White Earth of Milos, celebrated by the ancients.
4. White Lemnian Earth or Stamped Earth. Ours is adulterated. The genuine is from Lemnos.
5. Grey, Slimy Earth.
6. Greasy, Soft, Ash-like Julian Earth.
7. Ashy Ultramarine Earth of Eretria, used in Medicine.
8. Earth of Patavina, containing Lazuli; clods of it are found in fields. When broken, there is a very white, soft, crumbling earth in the centre, which soon changes colour under the influence of the air, and turns blue.
9. Grey Spanish Earth, out of which Melting Vessels are made.
10. Grey Irish, avoided by all venomous animals. There is said to be a specimen in Suevia.
11. Very rare Giselan, Grey, of which Vessels are made, which exude new Wine and other liquids.
12. Thick, Greyish Waldenberg, of which they made Vases, which do not absorb moisture, and are used to hold Aquafortis.
13. Grey, Hard, and Crustaceous, of which they make Kettles, etc., in Italy.
14. Grey Anneberg, mixed with Potters' Rubrica.
15. Crumbling, Violet-brown, Juliacensis.
16. Manufactured Saponaceous, used for Washing Clothes.
17. Green Saponaceous of Thuringia, near Biehlingum.
18. Yellow, Slatey Earth.
19. Like Ochre, from which Lead is smelted, at Ilmena.
20. Tripoli Earth.
21. Alana, from the country of the Alani, now called Valachi.
22. Red, Sandy, Metallic, in Aldenberg; the slightest touch stains the hands.
23. Hard, Red, in the Copper Mines of Islebia, and called Red, etc.
24. The same, Red and Crumbling.
25. Red, Soft, Scissile, Waldenberg, not unlike a vein of minium.
26. Red, Stony, Rodicensian, with which Marl is cut out.
27. Earth in which a species of Mined Cadmia is found.
28. Soft, Greasy, Dull red Juliacensian, with which Bolus is dug out.
29. Black Bituminous Earth.
30. Terra Ampelitis, used by doctors and vine dressers.
31. Pacodian Earth, also medicinal.
32. Crumbling, similar to Scales, and out of which Iron is Smelted.
33. Lemnian or Stamped, the most medically celebrated of all Earths.
34. Earth from which Tiles are made.
35. Nitrous Thuringian Earth, which in many places occurs on the surface of the land.
36. Aluminous Misnensian, of various colours, but chiefly Ochrine and Ferruginous.
37. Grey Aluminous Misnensian, which shines like Pyrites in a few instances.
38. Atramental or Cuprine Earth.
39. Sulphureous Earth.
40. Carbonaceous from the Belgian and Misnensian Turfs, which are used in place of Coal. In Antwerp it is called Durff; in Misnensia, Dorpte; it is useful in places where wood is scarce, and in some operations of smelting.
TEREHINTHIA
Rulandus: i.e., Resin.
TERENIABIN
Rulandus: The Fat of Manna, Wild Honey, approaching black, a deposit from the Air, and not from bees; it is found upon grass, trees, and herbs, and it is as sweet as true honey. It is found largely during the summer months-June, July, August. The ancients call it Threr.
TERDINE
Rulandus: The Herb Angelica.
TERRA MELIA
Rulandus: This is the Terra Melina of Pliny, a kind of natural white colour, of which the best quality was found at Melos. Because at the present day it is brought from Tripoli of Syria, it is called the Stone of Tripoli. There is also an oil, an unguent, a species of quince, and an herb, called Apiastrum, to which the term Melinus is applied. It is found at Hildesheim in Saxony, and gives forth a smoke or vapour when touched. It has little of the quality of a stone, for it is soft, crumbling, and easily dissolved.
TERRA AMPELITUS
Rulandus: A kind of Resinous Earth, found at Seleucia in Syria, and very similar to Bitumen. Pliny (1. 35, c. 16) tells us that it was the custom to cover vines with it for the destruction of vermin, and hence its name. It has affinity with coal, and uniform brilliance, is dissolved by oil, and has a cooling and dispersing quality in medicine. The black is commended by Pliny and Dioscorides, who disparage the grey and white varieties, which do not dissolve in moisture. It is called by the Germans Black Chalk.
TERRAE
Rulandus: There are certain earths which are found in mines, which from their colour seem a species of clay, but are distinguished therefrom by their dryness. Some qualities are white, some black, some are like Pnigitis, others like a slime, others again are ochrine in colour, others reddish, purple, or like Sandarac. There are green, grey, and blue varieties. White Earth bears various names, according to its specific nature and the place where it is found. It seldom occurs in metallic mines, but is found in mines of its own. There is, however, as it were, a marrow, or pith, of rock which is found in mines, and is of white colour. It is called by the Germans Lithomarge, and is like the marrow in the bones of animals. It is not so moist as clay, nor of such a stick fatness or greasiness. It is sometimes found hard and dry. It is found at Jena in Thuringia, and Hercynia ; there it is white, crumbly, and hardened. It is used as a powder by boys to dry blots in writing. There is a variety in Saxony which is similar to Alabaster.
TERRA LEMNIA
Rulandus: Under the heading of Rubrics, we have already made extended reference to this earth, which in fact is a species of Rubrica, in colour similar to Minium. It is also the Sigillated Earth of Avicenna, which was stamped by the priests of Diana with the image of Diana, and was sacred to her. It was stamped also with the image of a goat, as we have already said, and was sprinkled with goats' blood. Thus sprinkled, as we may learn from Galen, it was supposed to possess the highest medicinal qualities. Scarcely any true Lemnian Earth now reaches us because of the jealousy of the Turks, to whom Lemnia is now subject. Cretan Earth is used largely as a substitute. There is also an adulterated material from Italy which is sold as an antidote to poison. The Emperor of the Turks holds the mines of Lemnos, and sends some of it by his ambassadors with great ceremony to our own Emperor as a protection against poison and plague. It is supposed to abound especially at the base of that mountain in Lemnos where Vulcan was said to have his forge. Nicander informs us that it is a special antidote to lethal poisons. Galenus, Pliny, Serapion, Paulus and Avicenna may all be consulted as to its nature and virtues. Platearius calls it Aromatic Calx, Argent Earth, and Saracenic Earth. He also warns his readers that it can be easily sophisticated. But every kind of pastille which I have beheld is of a pallid quality because of its combination with earth, and I have not seen any that correspond in appearance to Minium, as Pliny affirms. It is a fitting thing that man, who was created by God out of a red earth, should find in a red earth his best antidote for poison.

There is also the white and red Sigillated Earth of His Majesty the Emperor, which is stamped with the impression of a scorpion, and is composed by our own Lord, but must yield in the matter of its virtues to the Turkish Lemnian Earth.
TERRA ERE TRIADES
Rulandus: Dioscorides enumerates two species, White and Grey. It is Earth of Eretria in the island of Eubcea, and was used in medicines and painting. The grey was considered to be the finer quality. Its species, its qualities, its appearance, and the methods of its preparation are described by Pliny (l. 35, c. 16). It is found in the potteries of Saxony, and on the banks of such rivers as the Elbe.
TERRA SAMIA
Rulandus: was also duplex according to Dioscorides. It is an Earth of that island of the Ionian Sea, which is very near Ionia, and opposite Ephesus. This earth was very good, and very celebrated. It had the highest healing qualities, and was equally excellent for the manufacture of vases, which were made in great numbers at Samos. They were so hard that they could be used for cutting other substances. The two species of Saurian Earth were:
1. White, Light, adhering like a gluten to the tongue when touched by it. Soft, Sappy, and Crumbling. Some call it Collyrion.
2. Hard, Crustaceous, very dense and close. We ourselves have a species of Samian Earth which is obtained from potteries in the neighbourhood of Hierichunt, not far from the Elbe.
TERRA CHIA
Rulandus: is White and Crustaceous; it is like Samian Earth, both in appearance and quality, as Dioscorides and Pliny inform us. It is exceedingly good for the skin, and may be used as a detergent substitute for Nitre in baths. Women are supposed to be especially benefited by it. This earth is found in many parts of Saxony, particularly in the mines near the town of Belzick.
TERRA SELINUSIA
Rulandus: has the same nature as the two preceding earths, especially the Brilliant, White, or Milky, and Crumbling species. This is on the authority of Pliny and Dioscorides. It is used as a plaster or whitewash for walls.
TERRA CIMOLIA
Rulandus: Of this there are two species, according to Dioscorides
One white, the other approaching transparency. The best has an inherent greasiness, and is cold to the touch. It has a cooling, restraining, and expelling quality. This earth was formerly well known not only to doctors but to basketmakers and silver smelters. It is called Argent Earth. Celsus praises it, and says it is of subcerulean colour. Consult Serapion. Under the name of Tenchi rrzolea there seem to have been several varieties of earths included, and the opinions concerning them have varied. There is a Spanish variety which is black ; there is also one of greenish colour, and some suppose it to have been that sandstone on which swords were sharpened. But here, as elsewhere, when we have no actual knowledge, we presume to speak nothing that is definite.
TERRA RUBEA
Rulandus: Armenian Bolus.
TERRA AURI
Rulandus: Gold Litharge.
TERRA ARGENTI
Rulandus: Silver Litharge.
TERRA FIDELIS, TERRA COELESTIS, COELUM TERRESTRE
Rulandus: i.e., Silver.
TERRA HISPANICA
Rulandus: i.e., Vitriol.
TERRA FOETIDA
Rulandus: i.e., Sulphur.
TERRA CLIVULI
Rulandus: i.e., Step cut in the Rock.
TERRA FERRUGINEA
Rulandus: Earth containing Iron.
TERRA FERE LUTEA
Rulandus: Slimy Earth.
TERRA SIGILLATA
Rulandus: Red-coloured Earth.
TERRA FIGULA
Rulandus: Potters' Earth.
TERRA RUBEA
Rulandus: i.e., Orpiment.
TERRA FOLIATA
Rulandus: Leaves, Mecurial Water, wherein Gold is sown. Mirerius says that it is Mercury which collects in the Aludel, in order that water may be again poured upon it. Therefore, says Hermes, sow thy Gold in Terra Foliata. It is the spiritual water. The white Terra Foliata is the crown of victory spiritual water extracted from ashes of other bodies.
TESTA
Rulandus: Bloom (metallurgic term).
TESTA
Rulandus: any Baked Earthen Vessel.
TESTUDO
Rulandus: Sea Spume, Meerschaum.
TESTUDO
Rulandus: A Slug or Snail.
THAMATICA
Rulandus: An Art by which those Machines are Invented which are driven by Air or Water-power.
THAPHNEUS
Rulandus: A Cleansed and Purged Medicine, a Preparation of Arsenic (?).
THEBAYCO
Rulandus: Copper.
THEMYANTHUS
Rulandus: Gold.
THERIACA
Rulandus: Poison, Ferment, Matter of the Stone.
THIMIA
Rulandus: The Vessel by which we make a Descending Distillation.
THISMIA
Rulandus: The Bearing or Direction of the Vein.
THRACIAS
Rulandus: North-west.
THUCIA
Rulandus: Calamine.
THUCIOSI
Rulandus: Living Sulphur.
THYITES
Rulandus: A Stone which takes its name from mortars, now unknown. Dioscorides says that it is of semi-green colour, and comes from Ethiopia. He cites little from other authors about it. Some say that it is the Stone Lyncis, which see.
TIFACOUM
Rulandus: Quicksilver.
TIGILLA RUDIA INFIMIE PUTEI PARTI SUPER IMPOSITA
Rulandus: A Pent House, or Roof in a Pit.
TIGILLA
Rulandus: Lining Timbering.
TIGILLA TERETIA
Rulandus: Stakes over props of platforms.
TIGILLA TRANSVERSARIA
Rulandus: Grain of the Wood.
TIGILLA TRANSVERSORIA
Rulandus: A Cross-beam.
TIGILLA ALLIIS TIGILLIS IN TERRA DEFOSSIS IMMISSA
Rulandus: Pile-driving, Stakes set one over the other in the Earth.
TIGNA
Rulandus: A Drawing Cage [mining term].
TIGNA IN FRONTE ET TERGO PUTEI COLLOCATA
Rulandus: A Windlass Tree, used for Wells.
TIGNA IN TERRA DEFOSSA
Rulandus: Seats for Workmen.
TIGNA LONGISSIMA
Rulandus: A Stringing Plank.
TIGNA OBLIQUE DESCENDENTIA
Rulandus: Tiebands, Stripe, Hoop.
TIGNA STATUTA
Rulandus: Baluster.
TIGNORUM SPECIES
Rulandus: Struts.
TIGNUM
Rulandus: A Column.
TIGNUM CUJUS FORAMEN PENETRAT AXICULUS DUPLEX
Rulandus: A Swipe, Swape, or Drawing Beam.
TIGNUM MOBILE
Rulandus: A movable Column.
TIGNA PER INTERVALLA LOCATA
Rulandus: Props for supporting the perpendicular beams in mines.
TIGNA HUMI STRATA
Rulandus: Stakes Set in the Ground.
TIGNUM BREVE
Rulandus: A kind of Wedge.
TIN, TIFATUM
Rulandus: Sulphur.
TINCKAR
Rulandus: i.e., Band of Gold, i.e., Borax.
TINGERE
Rulandus: To Tinge is to Change the Nature.
TINGIREN
Rulandus: Tinging and Transmuting.
TINKAR
Rulandus: is the Green of the Ore, or Water made out of Salt.
TILETTEN
Rulandus: Iron Plates.
TINCTURA
Rulandus: That which Penetrates and Permeates Bodies with its Colour, as Saffron does Water.
TINCTURA
Rulandus: Tincture is a Specific Arcanum, having a certain essence, qualities, and forms, and also a colour, which it can impart, and so, as it were, infuse its own appearance into a substance. If this Tincture be properly developed, it will have the consistency and perspicuity of a most tenuous nature, just as the air is perspicuous, pure, and coloured in a certain way, transparency not interfering with the possession of colour. So also it can exist a long time without depositing a sediment. When so developed, it will impart an unchanging and persisting quality to a thing in proportion to its capacity for receiving it. And so in medicine, it conduces, above all, to the restoration of health, and the confirmation and strengthening thereof. By its high potency, it may be fitly said to be a renovator, acting upon every member, the blood, the spirit, and the vital heat.

Tincture is of two kinds
Rulandus: open and brought out. The first spontaneously manifests on the surface, and frequently takes place in metals.

That which is brought out is produced from the centre to the surface, and is extracted. There is in many substances a latent virtue or colour, which is called potential, and is to be developed by processes of exaltation, before it is extracted. Most noble are the tinctures of metals, and there are those also which are found in the investigation of vegetable natures.
TIPSARIA
Rulandus: i.e., Water of Barley.
TITAR
Rulandus: Unknown.
TITANOS
Rulandus: i.e., Calx from Gypsum.
TOPASIUS
Rulandus:
1. Topaz.
2. A Dark Topaz.
TOPAZION
Rulandus: A Gem, first found in the Arabian Island of Chitus, when certain pirates, pressed by hunger and driven by tempest, dug up herbs and roots therein. Or it is named after the cloudy island of the Red Sea, which navigators gators sought so often, and which they therefore called Topazion, which signifies to seek in the tongue of the Troglodytes. From this island, on the testimony of Pliny, was the Topaz first brought by the Egyptian queen, Berenice. But some say that it was found originally in the Thebaid. A pallid species exists in Hungary. There are also certain fluors in our mines, of a mud-colour, which are not unlike Topaz. Pliny distinguishes two species of Topaz: the Prazoin and the Chrysepteron, like to the Chrysopras. Albertus, Evax, and others, speak of a Golden variety, which even exceeds Gold in the depth of its colour. It is said to check lust, and to make men chaste and full of life.
TOPHI ET PUMICES
Rulandus:
1. Grey-white Pumice Stone.
2. Theophus, which is rarer.
3. Thuringian, which is found in the Helba, and is thrown up abundantly on the banks. It is used as a cement for walls, and is of grey colour.
4. Stones which are found in the beds of thermal springs, similar to Thophis (unknown).
5. Stones found in channels of aqueducts, more solid than Thophis.
6. A kind of Stalactite Stone.
7. White Misnian Rabschicius, from which calx is burnt.
8. White, fistulous Stone of Misenus.
9. The same, but like grapes on the surface.
10. White Crustaceous Misenian.
11. White Misenian, full of shells.
12. White Misenian, with impressions of oak and alder leaves.
13. Very hard, chestnut-coloured, from the warm springs of the Carolines.
14. Yellow, also from the channels of warm springs.
15. The same, but found pendent like stalactite.
16. A deposit on everything that is left in water.
17. Yellow-coloured, pallid, globular Stones from the thermal springs of the Carolines.
18. Smooth, yellow, and so perfectly round that they would seem to have been made by art.
19. Orange.
20. Purple.
21. Chestnut brown.
22. Green.
23. Yellow, with a smooth surface.
24. Like pulse in size, shape, and colour; found in the springs of the Carolines.
25. Very like Coriander Seed.
TORREFACTOR
Rulandus: A Roaster.
TORUSCULA
Rulandus: is an Erudition of Resin from the Pine Tree.
TRACHSAR
Rulandus: is every Metal in its own Ore.
TRAHE SIVE CAPSA
Rulandus: A Sledge.
TRAHA CUI IMPOSITA EST CAPSA
Rulandus: A kind of Truck.
TRANSUDATIO
Rulandus: If in descending distillation an essence drawn forth should sweat out, it is received by drops into a proper vessel. The focus is above, round the ergastulum, whence it is said to be acted on by a circular fire. It is performed in a descending furnace, with a descending bath, etc.
TRANSVERSUM
Rulandus: Cross-wise.
TRARARMES
Rulandus: The Acts of Shades and Spectres who are invisible, but can nevertheless be heard.
TRICA
or
TICA
Rulandus: Good.
TRICOR
Rulandus: Gold.
TRIFERTES
Rulandus: Spirits Inhabiting the Element of Fire.
TRIGIAS
Rulandus: i.e., Tartarum Trigia, i.e., Refuse.
TRIGONUM
Rulandus: is the Fourfold Transmutation of Astral Spirits, according to the number of the four elements ; each reigns for two hundred years. When an igneous trigonum begins for a superior planet its conjunction takes place in a fiery sign, so long as this igneous trigonum endures, and so for the rest.
TRIPES
Rulandus: An Iron Vessel for the reception of a Matter when Heated.
TRIPUS
Rulandus: A Three-legged Stool.
TRITORIUM
Rulandus: The ordinary Funnel, a Transmitting Vessel, broad at the top, and having a handle attached to it.
TROCHLEA
Rulandus: A Pulley.
TRONUS
and
TRONOSIA
Rulandus: Celestial Dew, born of Air, very sweet, thick, tenacious, good smelling, generated in whiteness out of the Mercury of a middle region, separated from all Salt and Sulphur; it falls in spring and summer, and is found sticking to the leaves of trees.
TRULLA
Rulandus: A Trowel.
TRUPHAT
Rulandus: That Mineral Virtue which brings every Metal to its own stage of development.
TUBEL
Rulandus: is the Scale or part given off in hammering from any metal on the anvil.
TUBULI
Rulandus: Little Tubes.
TUMBABA, TIMPABAR, CAPAPIUM, THION
Rulandus: Names of Living Sulphur.
TUMBALUM
Rulandus: i.e., Rubel. ? Red, or a kind of Vine.
TUMBIL
Rulandus: i.e., Earth.
TURBA MAGNA
Rulandus: is the Innumerable Multitude of the Stars of the Firmament of Heaven; a Presage of all those things which are done in the worlds of the four elements.
TURBITH MINERALS
Rulandus: is Mercury without any Corrosive, precipitated in a sweet state.
TURPETHUM
Rulandus: is a Specific Fixed Coagulate, whence all impurities have been extracted; also whatever is endowed with an unconquerable volatility; it is found separated in the bottom of the vessel, and is obtained chiefly from minerals. The term appears to be of Arabic origin, and signified either the Cortex or Bark of the herb Fennel-green or Southern-wood, or else the Root thereof. It was afterwards applied to Medicine prepared from herbs of the genus Tithymalus, which includes Spurge or Sea-lettuce. But in the present connection, the term is applied not in things vegetable, but in the mineral kingdom.
TURSIET
Rulandus: Armenian Salt.
TUTIA
Rulandus: Calamine, Katimia.
TYMPANUM
Rulandus: A Basket.
TYMPANUM QUOD EX FUSIS CONSTAT
Rulandus: Machine-work, Motive-power, Gear.

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