Alchemy Dictionary


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

RABEBOIA
Rulandus: The Roots of the larger Ranunculus.
RABIRA
or
RADIRA
Rulandus: Tin.
RABIEL
or
ROLIEL
Rulandus: i.e., Dragon's Blood.
RACHI
or
RACHO
Rulandus: i.e., Mercury.
RADIX
Rulandus: Radish.
RARI, RAAN
or
RANAC
Rulandus: Sal Ammoniac.
RADIUS
Rulandus: A Right Line.
RADIUS ROTE
Rulandus: Spoke of a Wheel.
RADIUS, RUTRUM LIGNEUM
Rulandus: Strickle.
RAGADAE NOTAE
Rulandus: Ulcers in the Hinder Parts, the Womb, Penis, etc.
RAINALE
Rulandus: A Stone from which Uzifer is made.
RAIBX RUS
or
RAEB
Rulandus: Stone.
RAMIGIRI
or
RAMIGI
Rulandus: i.e., Bolofonia, rel Rotigenig, Unknown.
RAMAG
Rulandus: i.e., Ash.
RAMENTA
Rulandus: Metal Waste.
RHAPONTICUM
Rulandus: The Body changed into Water and Blackness [sigil Mercury].
RAMA
Rulandus: An Abscess under the Tongue.
RANAC
Rulandus: Ten.
RASAR
or
RASTIS
Rulandus: Tin.
RASTOL
or
RASOES
Rulandus: Copper.
RASTUL
Rulandus: i.e., Salt.
RASAHETI, RATAGI, RUSANG, KOSANGE
Rulandus: Names of Copper.
RASTRUM
Rulandus: Kiln Rake.
RASTELLUM BIDEN
Rulandus: Shears.
REALGAR
Rulandus: Red Orpiment.
REALGAR
Rulandus: is properly a Mineral Smoke, which has something of the nature of Orpiment, or Arsenic. Metaphorically, it is that poison of the body which generally is the cause of Ulcers. It is of four kinds, corresponding to the four elements, so is there the Realgar on the Surface of Water, the Arsenical Realgar of the Earth, the Terebinthine Realgar of Air, and that Saturnine Conjunction which is the Realgar of Fire.
REBIS
Rulandus: Excrement of the Belly.
REBIS
Rulandus: The Stone Rebis, i.e., Hair.
REBISOLA
Rulandus: is the Arcanum of Urine, when Urine is cooked and skimmed. Allow it to stand three days. Then the Arcanum will be found in the form of pebbles.
REBUS
Rulandus: The Ultimate Substance of Things.
REBOLEA
Rulandus: Mummy, Burnt Menstruum or Ordure.
RECHA
Rulandus: i.e., Marble.
REBIS
Rulandus: Man and Wife, body and soul, the first stage of the operation; clean subtle Sand which adheres to Mercury; doubly-mingled Seed is called Rebis; it is also Ferment and Elixir, Medicine, Tincture; a twice-composed substance, says Senior.
RECEPTACLUM
Rulandus: is an ample globular Vessel for receiving distilling Humours, commonly called a Receiver. But this Receiver differs with the substance that is distilling. If things Vaporous, Spiritual, etc., are undergoing the operation, it should be very broad, as it is liable to be shattered by the distending force of a Vapour or Spirit. If, on the other hand, the matter be hot, the Receiver should have a long neck. If it be a substance of a middle nature, then the Receiver should be of medium capacity and length.
RECREMENTA
Rulandus: Slag, Cooked Slag.
RECREMENTA FERRI
Rulandus: Cinders.
RECTOR MACHINE
Rulandus: A Governor.
REDUX
Rulandus:is Dust, by which Calcined Metals and Minerals are Liquefied, returning again into a Metallic Regulus.
REDUCIREN
Rulandus: A Drying Process. It restores Fatness like Butter, and flows like Wax. Pouring water on dry earth, they call giving to Eat and to Drink.
REL, REBUS
Rulandus: Sour Milk.
RELOLLIUM
Rulandus: A Secret Virtue, such as Common Wormwood. It is its first virtue that it drives away worms. The second virtue is that it is of a warm and healthy nature.
REMANERE
Rulandus: To remain as Block Sheaves.
REPERCUSSIVA
Rulandus: Medicaments which cause Purging by Stool.
RES EFFOSSAS ALVEIS SUBTRAHERE ET RETROFUNDERE
Rulandus: To take the Metal from the Ore, and throw back the refuse.
RES FOSSILIS
Rulandus: Like Spume of Silver in the second grade.
RESOLUTIO
Rulandus: Resolution by Medicine is when things that are mixed together are violently separated, a dissolving matter being applied, and segregation thus effected. We term it Medicine, from Gebir, but if the dissolving matter be a liquid it is also termed Solving Water. In milky substances, it is performed with vinegar or like acids. The operation may also be called Empyriasis. In some cases it is akin to coagulation.
RESTIS
Rulandus: A Rope or Cord.
RESTINCTIO
Rulandus: is Gradation, by which a substance at white heat is quenched in an exalting liquid, and is thus brought into the highest degree of perfection which is possible to it in its own species. This is the first and sole end of the process.
RESINA
Rulandus: Yellow and Beautiful Pitch, Serapine Opopanax, Ammoniac, etc.
RESINA AURI
Rulandus: is the Saffron extracted from Gold.
RESINA PINI
Rulandus: i.e., Resin of the Pine or Fir.
RESINA TERRAE
Rulandus: Sulphur.
RESINA TERRE POTABILIS
Rulandus: Sulphur Sublimed and Reduced to a Liquid, Balsam, or Oil.
RETORTA
Rulandus: is a Globular Vessel, with a Small Neck issuing from the Body, and gradually bent round into an Oblong Pipe.
REVERBERATIO
Rulandus: is Ignition, reducing substances under the influence of a Potent Fire, and by means of reverberation and repercussion, into a fine Calx. It is either close or open.
REVERBERATIO CLAUSA
Rulandus: Close Reverberation takes place when Bodies are Calcined by Reverberation in a Sealed Reverberating Furnace. By this process, the fire can be graduated to a nicety, which is not possible in the vulgar way.
REVERBERATIO APERTA
Rulandus: Open Reverberation is when the Matter is Calcined in a Reverberating Furnace with all the Shafts and Doors open. This species of Reverberation is very powerful, and is used for hard bodies which are not easily dissolved.
REX
Rulandus: King, Soul, Spiritual Water which gives Moisture to the Female, and is restored to the Fountain whence it was derived. The Spirit in Water.
REVERBERATORUM FURNUS
Rulandus: The Reverberatory Furnace in which Matters are Calcined by Flame.
RINAR
or
RION
Rulandus:i.e., Filings; Superfluities.
RILLUS
Rulandus: A Chemical Instrument, of Oblong Shape, through which Molten Metal is poured.
ROBES
or
ROSCON
Rulandus: Vinegar; some say, Saturn.
RON
or
ROTULA
Rulandus: A Pound Weight.
ROSA
Rulandus: i.e., Tartar.
ROSEA
Rulandus: i.e., Erysipelas.
ROTA
or
ROTINGENIUS
Rulandus: i.e., Colofonia.
RORER THECA
Rulandus: Round Case of a Wheel.
RORER
Rulandus: Wheels.
ROTUMHA
Rulandus: A Vessel resembling a Cucurbit.
RUS
Rulandus: Thick Sap, any juice Cooked till it is Thick.
RUBEDO DE NIGRO
Rulandus: The Red that is Extracted artificially from Black Lime.
RUBEUM AURUM FALSUM
Rulandus: Tinged Copper, Sophisticated Alchemical Gold.
RUBIGO
Rulandus: is called in another work Hirudo, a Sweet Gall, and is made from Gold.
RUBRICA SINOPICA
Rulandus: Sinopian Earth, or Rubrica, so called because it first came from Sinope, a town of Paphlagonia, on the Black Sea, as we learn on the authority of Dioscorides (1. 5, c. 51), and also of Pliny and Vitruvius. It is also called Lepnia, and by the Greeks, Magra, or Mogan. It is close-grained, ponderous, homogeneous, free from grit and stones. It was an important product of Sinope, where it was made and sold. There is also a Rubrica which is brought in small quantities from Byzantium to Venice. There is also a Byzantine liver-coloured Pastille, on which Turkish letters are inscribed, and it is called Sigillated Earth. There was also that Lemnian Earth, which Pliny tells us was sold under a seal, and was called Rubrica and Sphragida. It was mined annually in Lemnos, and used both in medicine and dyeing. The seal upon it represented a goat. The island of Lemnos is not far from Thrace, and is now under the rule of Turkey, so it is easily imported to Byzantium. If its colour scarcely corresponds to true Rubrica, it is because the Earth with which it is blended for manufacture into Pastilles causes some change in its substance. The Turks hold it in high estimation as a cure for the plague, and so also they regard Armenian Earth, as we may learn from Galen. This Armenian Earth is not unlike Sigillated Earth, only it is not sealed. Whether the Earth which is made into Pastilles, and is signed with Turkish characters, be Sinopian Rubrica, or Lemnian Earth, or Armenian Earth, is not of much importance, as all have the same virtues. Formerly, one Earth alone was sealed, but Turkish intolerance checks its exportation. For the rest, consult Pliny (1. 35, c. 6) concerning Sinopian Earth, of which he makes three species
Rulandus: that which is red, that which is very pale red, and a middle quality.
RUBRICA FABRILIS
Rulandus: Artificer's Rubrics is twofold, and is called Red Chalk and Ruddle by the Germans. It is either native or manufactured. Ruddle is the native kind. It is mined in the vicinity of the Elbe. Dioscorides (1. 5, c. 62) says that there is a Burnt Ochre, or Degenerate Rubrica, which is native in Western Iberia. Pliny also writes of it, and says that it is obtained from Metallic mines. There is also a variety which has affinity with Marble. Manufactured Rubrica is called Brown Ruddle by the Germans, and it is made of Burnt Ochre, as Theophrastus and Dioscorides testify. But Pliny (l. 35, c. 6) negligently reverses this order, and says that Burnt Ochre is made of Rubrica, against which Nature herself protests. For the rest, as to what manufactured Rubica is best, I refer to the Artificers therein. Dioscorides commends the crumbling quality, not the marmorous, or that which has affinity with Marble, nor yet the Egyptian or Carthaginian.
Rubrica:
(1) Native mined
Sinopian and Lemnian Earth. German Rubrica. Native in Mines, produced by the heat of the Sun, or of the Earth. Native in Rivers, produced by the heat of the Sun, or of the Earth. When burnt, Indurated Pnigitis is made from it. Ochre is not manufactured from Rubrica, as Pliny says, but Rubrica is obtained from Ochre;
(2) Manufactured Rubrica, made from Burnt Ochre, by Art, in new clay Vessels.
RUTABULUM
or
MUCUS
Rulandus: Rake Iron, a long Iron Rod, having a Spoon at one end and a Scraper at the other; it is useful for docimastic (?) operations.
RUTABULUM
Rulandus: A Spade for Digging.
RUTUM
Rulandus: A Paddle.
RUTRUM
Rulandus: Rake, Rabble, Stirring Rabble.
RUTRUM
Rulandus: A Mattock.
RUTRUM
or
RUTELLUM
Rulandus: Chest.

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