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- ICTERITIA RUBEA
- Rulandus: Erysipelas.
- Rulandus: Victuals, Food.
- Rulandus: are the Despisers of the True Arts, although they
may be most able professors of false ones.
- Rulandus: Alkaline Water.
- Rulandus: A Dung-hill used as a Furnace.
- Rulandus: White Lead, Ashes of Lead.
- Rulandus: is, according to some opinions, the Oil which comes
to the surface in distillation.
- Rulandus: Fire for the Stone of the Philosophers.
1. Bernhard says he would have preferred to reveal it; they say it should
be made with dung, lamps, or coals. The first degree takes place in water,
the second in ashes, the third in sand, the fourth in iron, or in the flame.
2. Rosarius says: The heat of dung operates in digestion; the
bath is useless. Some will have it that ashes should be put into the bath,
and if the fire is to be increased, sand must be put therein.
3. They compare the rule of the fire to the four seasons of the year.
says: Make a dampish fire; digest and coct it steadily, without letting
it flicker or boil over; skilfully enclose all round with air, so that
nothing may burn, alter, or penetrate. So also says Trevisan.
4. The first grade of the fire lasts until the white appears, and takes
place with one lamp in three months. The next takes place until the white
breaks up, with two wicks in the space of three months. The third until
the white is fixed; the fourth until the end of three months.
5. The flame must not touch the cask.
6. The glass must not be taken out until all is ready. Let not others
7. When you have decided to put in the matter, the glass and the matter
must he warm; then shake the whole effectually together, so that it may
sink to the bottom; then seal it.
8. In the distillation the alembic must be of glass, and covered at
9. Trevisan says: Cook it so that the elements may remain, and regulate
it so that the water may not be destroyed. Regulate the earth 5o that the
air may not be destroyed. The ash is a dead thing and cannot be raised
up. But the calx can be raised up.
- IGNIS ALGIR
- Rulandus: is a very powerful Fire.
- IGNIS CALOR
- Rulandus: Caloric is either natural or artificial.
- IGNIS CLARE ARDENS
- Rulandus: Clear burning Fire, is Sulphur.
- IGNIS ELEMENTARIS
- Rulandus: is Sulphur, but not vulgar sulphur.
- IGNIS EXSTINCTUS
- Rulandus: Extinguished Fire, is Sulphur deprived of
- IGNIS PERSICUS
- Rulandus: Persian Fire, is an Ulcer torturing with a
- IGNIS PRUINUS ADEPTUS
- Rulandus: Adeptic Frozen Fire, is Quintessence
of Wine, Spirit of Wine, rectified with Tartar.
- IGNIS LEONIS
- Rulandus: Fire of the Lion, Elemental Fire, Aether, called
also Pyr, Ethos, Jupiter Argos, names for the element of fire.
The four grades of fire must be studied by operators, for so is fire
distributed, there being not one grade merely at the crowd conceive ; so
also the beginning, middle, and end of these stages must be considered,
as they were observed by the primeval philosophers. They must be appreciated,
however, not by the senses only, but by their effect in their proper subjects,
and by judgment joined to the perceptions of sense, and chiefly of sight
and touch. The first grade is very slow, and is like an inactive lukewarmness;
it is called the heat of a tepid bath, of excrement, of digestion, of circulation,
etc. This grade is shown to the touch when the finger of a sensitive man
can stand it without begetting any acute feeling of heat. Of this nature
is the vapourous fire of the philosophers which is likened to the warmth
generated by a fowl when hatching its young, or of a man rightly constituted
by nature. It is generally as follows: such as is yielded by a furnace
of a gently kindled vapour-bath, or such as is that of an earthenware melting-pot
placed on a furnace, or of a vapour-bath placed in a sound vessel over
a moderate heat. The second grade is fiercer, yet such that it is safe
to touch, nor does it injure the hand. They call it the heat of the ashes,
because it is produced by a fire kindled under a cinder-pan. Cinders on
account of their fineness do not produce much air. The third grade will
burn the hand, and is compared to boiling sand or iron filings; it is called
the fire of sand or of iron plates. The fourth is the highest grade, and
is generally the most destructive. It is the reverberatory fire, and a
living flame is produced from wood or coals easily influenced by the bellows.
These grades when we refer to their effects in certain cases differ very
much. The grade which is last in that of vegetables is first in antimony;
but the first grade may be understood as the heat of a bath. Nevertheless,
in the operation of the bath, there may be all four grades; the first when
heat is produced with a little water, the second when it is very fierce,
the third when it rages, the fourth when it destroys by extreme ebullition.
- IGNIS SAPIENTUM
- Rulandus: Fire of the Wise, is warm Horse Dung.
- Rulandus: is Calcination, the Reduction of Bodies by the powerful
action of fire into Calx. It is also Combustion and Reverberation.
- ILECH CRUDUM
- Rulandus: Crude Ilech, is a composition of the first matter
of the three prime principles
Mercury, Salt and Sulphur
whereof all things are composed.
- ILECH MAGNUM
- Rulandus: is the Ascendant or Star of Medicine, which
we receive with the medicine, wherein it is concealed ; as the superior
stars in the firmament, so the inferior in man. It is given in medicine,
but it is also implanted in man.
- ILECH PRIMUM
- Rulandus: is Principle or Beginning. Called also Ileias
- ILECH SUPRA NATURALE
- Rulandus: Supernatural Ilech, or Primal Ilech
of the Stars, is a supercelestial conjunction and union of the stars of
the firmament with the stars of inferior things.
- Rulandus: is Elemental Air, the Firmament, Heaven. In man,
it is the Spirit which permeates every member.
- Rulandus: signifies in general the Occult Virtue of Nature,
by which all thing increase, are nourished, multiply and quicken, concerning
which consult Paracelsus in his book of Meteoric Generation. But it is
understood variously concerning the elements and concerning man. In the
elements it is the Vegetative Essences of Nature, which are fourfold, according
to the number of the elements, and it is called Chaos.
- ILIASTER, ELIASTERor
- Rulandus: is the first chaos
of the matter of all things, constituted of Sulphur, Salt and Mercury.
There is nothing in the wide nature of things which does not consist of
this triplicity, and these are the three principles of Theophrastus which
are discovered by spagyric analysis. We find nothing outside this triad
which exists in each of its three components in each element. Fernelius
comments on them in his Medicine of Inherent Moisture. Of these also the
ancients treated, and they were not therefore discovered by Theophrastus,
but he recalled them when they were forgotten from darkness into light.
It is quadruple, we have seen, in the four elements. There is the chaos
of earth, the chaos of water, the chaos of air, and the chaos of fire.
There are also four Iliastri of men, constituting long life. The first,
or implanted, is the span of life, even life itself or its balsam in man.
The second Iliaster, prepared Iliaster, is the span of life, and the
life itself, which we derive from the elements or from elementary things.
The third Iliaster is the prepared span of the balsam which we derive
from the quintessence of things.
The fourth, or great, Iliaster is the passage of the mind or soul into
the other world, as took place with Enoch, Elias, and others.
- Rulandus: is the Star in Man, the Celestial or Supercelestial
- Rulandus: Images, are Effigies in Wax or Metal, wherein the
celestial virtues operate.
- Rulandus: To Imbibe, is to thicken by rubbing, polishing,
- Rulandus: is Ablution, when a liquid joined to a body is
made light, and, finding no exit retreats into the body, and washes it
so long with frequent lustrations, until it is wholly coagulate therewith,
and is unable to rise further, but the whole remains fixed. This assuredly
is a philosophical operation, nor does it yield its secret to the vulgar.
- IMMERSIVA CORROSIO
- Rulandus: takes place when bodies are plunged in
other substances, and reduced to a calx. It is either humid or dry.
- Rulandus: Impressions, Seals, or Signatures are invisible
fruits of the stars of inferiors, not of sun and moots.
- IMPURUM ALCALI
- Rulandus: is Froth of Alcali, which is carried off in
repurging after building up.
- IMPURUM TARTARI
- Rulandus: A Rough Salt, Dregs of Tartar.
- IN GLOBULOS DISSOLVERE
- Rulandus: To Melt into Globules.
- IN MARMORE VEL IN MARMARIO TERERE
- Rulandus: To Rub upon a Marble Slab.
- Rulandus: are the Pygmies.
- Rulandus: of Surgeons are Medicaments for contracting the
skin over wounds, or Flesh Astringents.
- Rulandus: is the combination of moisture with a dry matter
to the consistence of soft wax by a gradual blending. It is hence called
a waxing over. There is also an imbibition performed by irrigation, the
dry substance absorbing the moist. This is also the nutrition of physicians,
in which the gum sarcocolla, litharge, and other things are absorbed by
moisture, and become suitable for use.
- Rulandus: Graves walled over or covered with stones.
- Rulandus: is an Ignition converting bodies into ashes by
means of a powerful fire. We speak of vegetables or animals as incinerated,
but the same operation performed on minerals we describe (in chemical language)
as reduction to a calx.
- Rulandus: When the black begins to
yield, and the matter to whiten like ashes, then fire and water, or earth
and water, combine; the water disappears, earth increases, till all is
parched, dry, and like powder.
- Rulandus: Inclination is the bent of Nature, or the disposition
which indicates the nature of a man.
- Rulandus: Incorporation is Commingling, in which things
moist are immediately blended with things dry into a conglomerate mass.
But this is not done by a slow imbibing, but the whole fluid is at once
poured on in sufficient quantity to produce a paste, whence the operation
is called impacting, or kneading, or by others subaction and pounding.
Incorporated substances are, however, left for digestion by means of heat,
so that by mutual action and passion a common mingling may obtain.
- Rulandus: is the Bride of the Sun.
- Rulandus: is a Nocturnal Demon which tempts and deceives women
in sleep, as if they had carnal intercourse therewith.
- INDICUM SAL, SAL GEMMAE
- Rulandus: is Cappadocia Gemma, a Precious Stone
found in Phrygia and polished in Cappadocia.
- Rulandus: Indigo, is a Spume of two species, namely, Native
Indigo, which is found to exist spontaneously in certain Indian reeds.
It is called Indigo Stone by painters, but erroneously, for it is not a
stone. Adarca, a thick salt scum which collects about reeds in marshy places,
is very similar to indigo, but it is afterwards treated by art, whereas
indigo is natural. There is, however, a second species made by dyers ;
it is of purple colour, and is manufactured in caldrons. This is the better
kind. It has a blue appearance, and is called by the Germans Woadflower,
or Indian colour. It i slightly astringent, bursts, purges, and reduces
ulcers. Pliny (1. 35, c. 6) remarks that natural indigo is as to its nature
and constituents undetermined. The manufactured is produced from the black
scum which adheres to brazen or copper caldrons. Others affirm that it
is simply the sap of herbs, with which clothes are dyed, that they call
indigo, that is woad, which is otherwise domestically familiar in Thuringia,
where it is much used in dyes. This is properly a manufactured indigo,
but there is also a wild woad. Consult Dioscorides, 1. 2.
- INDICUS COLOR
- Rulandus: Indigo Blue.
- Rulandus: Influx; when by thought and imagination we attract
to us the virtues and natures of the planets and superior stars. It is
two-fold, that which derives to us through the medium of created things,
such as the influx of heaven through the firmament, and that which is given
to us immediately, that is, by God alone ; the second is supernatural as
the first is artificial, natural, and moral.
- INFLUENTIA NATURALISor
- NATURAL INFLUX
- Rulandus: is that which
is poured down by the superior stars of the firmament, in accordance with
natural law, into or upon inferior things, whereby they govern and rule
through inclination in men, animals, etc., and through potencies and efficacies
in insentient things. Hence we learn that this inclination is a certain
brute force and magnetic attraction, which i easy to resist and withstand
by moral influence; being assisted by the divine inspiration in any cases
of special difficulty.
- Rulandus: is a Metallic Vessel of oblong
shape, having a handle, hollow within, for the reception of molten metal,
Its configuration is like that of a staff or rod. The Germans call it a
Gutter or Dunghill.
- Rulandus: To Soak or Moisten.
- Rulandus: A Carrier on the Mountains.
- Rulandus: Humectation in a Dung-bath.
- Rulandus: To Bury under the Earth, to Putrefy, or also to
Reduce into Earth. When the solution takes place, the old man is buried
in a bath; then he is covered with blackness, and remains hidden without
any lustre. The sun has entered a gloomy grave.
- INSIDERE IN BACILLO
- Rulandus: To Set on a Cross-beam secured by a rope.
- INSIDERE IN CORIO
- Rulandus: To Sit down on Leather.
- INSTRUMENTUM CUM INDICE MENSORUM ALPINORUM
- Rulandus: An Indicating
- INSTRUMENTUM FERREUM, QUOD MACHINE FOLLES COMPRIMIT
- Rulandus: An Iron
Instrument which works the bellows.
- INSTRUMENTUM FERREUM, QUO TERRA VERBATUR
- Rulandus: An Iron Instrument
with which the earth is beaten.
- INSTRUMENTUM METALLICUM, SIGNIFICANS MUNDI PARTES
- Rulandus: The Metallic
Instrument which shows the quarters of the world, i.e., the Compass.
- INTERIOR MURUS FORNACIS
- Rulandus: The Inner Wall of the Furnace; Lining.
- INTER VENIUM
- Rulandus: A Wedge-shaped Rock.
- Rulandus: is a Poison, or Drug.
- Rulandus: is a Green Branch.
- Rulandus: Hairy Beard.
- Rulandus: is a Stone similar to crystal, and according to some
is the Root or Foundation of Crystal; the hexagonal Iris is found frequently
in Arabia, and, according to Pliny (1. 37, c. 9), in a certain island of
the Red Sea. It is found in our own country in the mountains and rivers
of Westphalia between Treves and the Rhine. It is maintained to be the
native Cadmia of Galen, which we have treated under its proper head. They
also say that the latter is hexagonal, although a round one is sometimes
found, even as the holes in the centre of a honeycomb are hexagonal, and
at the edges round. It is an exceedingly dry stone and very fine in constitution.
Some say that it is composed of the essential moisture of water, which
laves the matter of the stone, the same being generated in a red slime.
It is called Iris because in the middle there are defined, rainbow-like
lines; or because when shone upon by the sun indoors, it sends forth the
colours and appearance of the rainbow upon the nearest walls. So testifies
Pliny, and he adds that there are certain rough sides and unequal corners,
which, when exposed out of doors to the sun, send forth rays which are
reflected upon each other, but some also illuminate surrounding objects.
He says also that an Iris like wax, but very hard, is found in Persia,
but it has not the quality of the gem which he calls Zeros, a crystal encircled
by a line. Compare the Demon Stone of Albertus, which was of two colours
like the Iris, was good in fevers, and an antidote to poison.
- IVA ARTHETICA VEL MUSCATA
- Rulandus: A Medicine for Lame Limbs.
- IVA POTABILIS
- Rulandus: A Draught that restores Soundness to Lame Limbs.