Alchemy Dictionary


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

BACAR
Rulandus: Weight, ponderosity.
BACILLUM
Rulandus; A short stick.
BACILLUM FERREUM FOSSORUM TERES
Rulandus: Iron rod, with which a passage is forced.
BACILLA EX ACIE FACTA
Rulandus: A punch; otherwise, spike.
BACILLA FERREA SUCULA INCLUSA
Rulandus: A rod used in raising a winch, windlassor capstan.
BACILLUM FERREUM
Rulandus: A nailor push-pick.
BACILLA FERREA
Rulandus: Merchant-iron.
BACULUS FERREUS
Rulandus: is an iron instrument for the support of a super-imposed vessel.
BACILLA MAJORA FERREA UNCINATA
Rulandus: The same, but larger, and furnished with iron hooks.
BACILLUS TERES STRIATUS
Rulandus: A long hollow stick.
BAGEDIA
Rulandus: A pound of 12 ounces.
BAIAC
Rulandus: is Wax.
BALZIAM
Rulandus: is a kind of pulse.
BALASIUS
Rulandus: Burns and glows with a red colour, and is by some called Placidus. Some think it to be the Carbuncle diminished in colour and virtue, in the same proportion that the strength of the female differs from that of the male. Some have ascertained that the outer portion of one and the same stone belongs to the Balasius, the interior to the Carbuncle, and thus the Balasius is said to be the house of the Carbuncle. The potency of the Balasius consists in arresting and restraining impurity and evil thoughts, conciliating differences between friends, and conducing to the health of the human body. When preserved and drunk with water, it assists weakness of the eyes, is serviceable in diseases of the liver, and, what I conceive to be more wonderful, if the four angles of a house, garden, or vineyard, be touched with a Balasius, it will enjoy immunity from lightning, storms, and worms.
BALITISTERA
Rulandus: Red Earth.
BALNEUM MARIAE
Rulandus: Warm Water.
BALNEUM, ALUID MARIS, ALUID RORIS
Rulandus: A bath of sea wateror dew.
BALNEUM MARIS
or
MARIAE
Rulandus: is the dissolution of a substance in a suitable vessel of warm water, after which it is placed in the copper vessel belonging to it, and therein the operation is completed.
BALNEUM RORIS
Rulandus: is so called when a vessel does not touch the water, but is heated by the ascending vapour of hot water, and the matter in the vessel is dissolved thereby.
BALNEUM MARIAE
or
BALNEUM MARIS
Rulandus: As it is called by many, is a distillatory furnace containing water, into which, when hot, a chemical vessel is placed for the putrefaction of the substance contained in it, for the separation of its component parts, and completing the process of that kind of humid evaporation.
BALNEUM RORIS
or
RORITUM
Rulandus: Bath of Dew or Dewy Bath is a furnace in which the distillatory vase is suspended only over the steam of water, in such a manner that the waters do not touch the body. We call this bath also by the name of Vapour Bath
Rulandus: Balneum vaporosum or vaporarium.
BALSAM
Rulandus: Pitch, the moisture which remains.
BALSAMUM
Rulandus: Balsam is a substance which preserves bodies from putrefaction. It is internal and external. In man the internal is a certain very moderating substance neither bitter nor sweet, neither acid nor mineral salt, but a fluidic salt which most effectually prevents putrefaction. It is also called a most tempered gluten of the nature of any body to which it belongs. Briefly, it is the liquor of an interior salt most carefully and naturally preserving its body from corruption. The external is Terebinth, which, according to Paracelsus, suffers nothing but digestion from the operation of fire.
In German, the term Baldzamen, i.e., quickly joined, is applied in chirurgery to anything which effects a speedy cure. It is also a distilled oil of the highest purity, and any principle which preserves a body, whether dead or alive, from putrefaction. (A preserver of all bodies from destruction and putrefaction. Of two kindsinternal and external. The internal is tempered or moderate, neither sour nor sweet ; a resolved salt or juice of the salt in man. Externally a balsam which prevents decay.)
BALSUM OF MUMMIES
Rulandus: is Balsam extracted from flesh.
BALSAMUS ELEMENTORUM EXTERNUS
Rulandus: External Balsam of the Elements is Liquor of External Mercury, i.e., Mummy of the Exterior Elements, one of the three
Principles of all Things, the Firmamental Essence of Existences, the Quintessence.
BARACH PANIS
Rulandus: Saltpetre.
BARCATA
Rulandus: The Way of Fire.
BARDADIA
Rulandus: A Pound.
BARNABUS, BARNAAS
Rulandus: Wine of Saltpetre is a very acid vinegar.
BASILICUS MINOR
Rulandus: A kind of Lizard, Newtor Eft.
BARURAC
Rulandus: Glass.
BASURA
Rulandus: Semen.
BASED
or
BESED
Rulandus: is Coral.
BATITURA AERIS
Rulandus: Cubelatas. See Infra.
BATILLUM
Rulandus: A Shovel or Chafing-dish.
BATTITURA RAMI
Rulandus: is Copper Slag.
BATTITURA AERIS
Rulandus: is Metallic Slag; in Greek, Lepidos; in Arabic, Cubelor Tubelor Fuligo (smoke, soot); in German, Haneerschlag.
BAUL
Rulandus: is Urine.
BAURACH
Rulandus: is Conglomerate Salt.
BAURAC
Rulandus: A substance obtained from the scum of glassor nitre
is Bores (untranslatable)
is Metallic Salt ; also a blemish in gems
is bleached Litharge of Sapphires, white Litharge Composition
is a kind of Salt, Sal Abzedi ; and Diabesis, i.e., covering of Quicksilver
is Vitreous Salt, Vitreous Refuse, Vitreous Spume, Vitreous Gall
Rulandus: is Attinckar, i.e., Rock Borax
is a certain species of Brine
Acurum is Baurac prepared by fire
is a Plaster with which fissures are covered. Also Goldsmith's Meal
is also Saltpetre, Armenian and Sulphureous.
BAYDA
Rulandus: is a vessel over which distillation takes place.
BELESON
Rulandus: is Balsam.
BERCOS
Rulandus: is Circular.
BERNA
or
BIRMINA
Rulandus: is a Transparent Vessel.
BERILLISTICA
Rulandus: is the art of perceiving visions in the Berillus.
BERILLUS
Rulandus: is a Crystal Mirror superstitiously consecrated to auguries.
BERRIONIS
or
COLOPHONIA
Rulandus: A dark-coloured Resin obtained from Turpentine. The Gum of the Juniper. Called also Bernix. Also a preparation of Linseed Oil.
BERYLLUS
Rulandus: This stone has much the same nature as the emerald; Beryls are indigenous to India and are rarely found elsewhere. They are all embellished with six angles, and their colour does not change, but is increased when the angles are struck. The varieties of Beryl are as follow:
1. The best and most esteemed are those which excel the green of the deep seaor are otherwise of a middle colour between sea-green and cerulean.
2. Next to this species are the Chrysoberylli, a little paler, exhibiting an effulgence in a gold colour. They glitter more faintly, and are surrounded by a cloudy golden.
3. Chrysoprasus, more pallid than the last. They have a composite lustre of gold and leek-green. They are regarded as a species of Prasius on account of their gold-coloured spots, which seem, as it were, coagulated in the sap of a leek, as before stated.
4. Hyacinthizontes, which properly should be classified with the Hyacinthus, as their appearance demonstrates.
5. Heroides.
6. Cerini, i.e., wax-coloured Beryls.
7. Oleagini, i.e., of the colour of oil.
8. Similar to crystals. These have blemishes, cloudy spots, speckles, filaments, etc.
Beryls are found about the Pontus. The Indians who, more than any other nation, delight in Beryls, have falsified them by operating on crystals. For the rest, the Beryl is supposed to compel love, to cure complaints of the eye and liver, and to diminish the violence of vomiting ; exposed to the sun, it is said that it will kindle a fire. See Pliny, 1. 37, c. 5; Solinus (Polychist, c. 55) and Albertus (Lapid.)
BESACHAR
Rulandus: Fungus, Sponge.
BESONNA, BEZONNAR
Rulandus: Toadstool.
BEZAAR
or
BESAR
Rulandus: Green Stone, Diabase.
BIARCHETUNSIM, PYTHIUM
Rulandus: Names of White Lead.
BILADEN
Rulandus: is Calips, Calybsor Steel.
BISEMATUM
Rulandus: is the lightest, palest, and poorest species of Lead.
BITRINATI
Rulandus: Coeruleum Montanum. Glazed.
BITUMEN
Rulandus: Jews' Pitch, Fossil Tar, Dry Coal.
BITUMEN
Rulandus: Called by the Greeks Asphalt, possibly on account of the asphalt lake in Judea, which is now called the Red Sea, where once stood Sodom and Gomorrah. Out of this lake a viscous asphalt is obtained which is useful to man when everything else near it is utterly barren. Bitumen is also said to exist in large quantities in Assyria and Chaldea, where it was used as mortar for walls. Indeed Semiramis is said to have built the walls of Babylon entirely with bitumen. Bitumen is said to be plentiful in Babylon because lightning is so frequent in that place. Bitumen is nothing but a lime of water, very slowly extracted, similar to pitch, and, as it were, an earthy pitch. On this account Dioscorides, in his first book, makes mention of Bitumen immediately after treating of pitch, and enumerates the species which are brought from Xtolia, Babylon, Zacynthos, and Sicily. He states that it is of good quality when it is of purple colour, or has a purplish brilliancy ; it is, on the contrary, bad and corrupt when it is black. For the rest, as to its nature, Bitumen is twofold, viscous, hard, earthy, and fluidic; in water also and in springs, as Curtius testifies, in which state some use it instead of oil, calling it erroneously Sicilian Oil. Pliny affirms that Bitumen is either Lime or an Earth; it is obtained in the form of lime from the Judean lake. In Babylon it is found both white and liquid, and this is Pissasphaltus (a mixture of pitch and resin), more liquid and nearer to the nature of pitch. A beautiful passage in the ninth metamorphosis of Ovid refers to the Bitumen derived from the earth: "As the tenacious bitumen flows on the bountiful earth ". The best quality is that, however, which comes from Judea. It is undoubtedly a species of naphtha, but not naphtha proper, as some will have it. See Serapion in his chapter of Brafalendus.
Naphtha is Petroleum, and a liquid oil. But Bitumen is Asphalt-hard, tenacious; can be often reduced to powder, but is not soluble, and has the offensive smell of naphtha. I am surprised that it should at times be found in water, and is thus occasionally a substance in an element which is hostile to fire, and again in an element which is friendly to fire; it burns more fiercely when cast into running waters.
Nicander, in his Antidotes against Poison, affirms that Bitumen drives away venomous animals. When drunk with wine, it certainly cures epilepsy. Its vehement and sharp spirit expels the quartan ague. It is not incredible, therefore, that it drives away venomous animals. It was used formerly in colouring statues and hardening iron. See the Arabian writers on this subject, also Dioscorides, Pliny, Solinus, Strabo, and others. A word may be added concerning Pissasphalt. It is lighter than bitumen, and has its name from picth and bitumen ; perhaps it exhales a mixed odour of both. It is of two kinds
that which is produced naturally, and that which is manufactured by art from pitch and bitumen. The one is described by Dioscorides (1. 1, c. 18), the other by Pliny (1. 24 c. 7), (when bitumen and pitch are melted together). That passage in the Third Georgics about the pitch of Ida and black bitumen must be understood as referring to a cure for scab in sheep, unless we are to understand the sordid and evil black Bitumen, or liquid Sicilian Bitumen. For the rest, natural Pissasphalton is obtained from the neighbourhood of Epidaurus. Other varieties of Bitumen are considered below.
BITUMEN PERVERSUM
Rulandus: is a liquid of uncertain nature, a kind of limeor juice.
BITUMEN SULPHUREA TERRA
Rulandus: is a fatty sap or exudition; Brimstone, Copper Ore containing Quartz, etc.
There are many species of Bitumen: Liquid, like oil in appearance, and petroleum. There is the odorous liquid Bitumen of Saxony, cleansing, and with a smell of natural camphor. There is the gross, black Bitumen, which takes its name from the Lake of Sodom; with this the Moors embalm dead bodies. There is the black, gross Palestine Bitumen, which is dug up like coal from the earth.
BLANCA MULIERUM
or
BLACTARA MULIERUM
Rulandus: are names of White Lead.
BLICARE
Rulandus: is prepared Presil (unknown).
BLINCTA
Rulandus: Red Earth.
BODAGI
Rulandus: is a kind of vessel.
BODID, OVUM
Rulandus: Egg.
BOF
Rulandus: Living Calx.
BOLESIS
Rulandus: Coral:
BOLUS
Rulandus: Slime, clay, devoid of any mineral substance.
BOLUS
Rulandus: is, in metallurgyore decayed by the weather; in mineralogy, a substance formed in small crystals on the surface of a stone.
BOLUS
Rulandus: is a specific coagulate, which is essential and chemical, a certain essence freed from impurities and foreign matters by coagulation, which is necessarily preceded by solution; it is a separation and solidification such as that which is seen in boli, to give them a fixity and homogeneous shape like the Bolaris, but it makes little difference to the essence. [N.B.
This passage almost defies translation.
1. The white Julian Bolus, made of the yoke of eggs, approaching red in colour. The Armenian variety is not dissimilar.
2. The true Pannonian Bolus.
3. The Yolk of Theophrastus.
4. The Bohemian Bolus, white or red, invented by Paracelsus.
5. Bolus of Anneberg; mountain Bolus.
6. The true Armenian Bolus, prized by the Turkish Sultan, and used by the Turks against fever, plague, and quinsy.
The Armenian Bolus, Cartwrights' Earth.
The Armenian Bolus, found in abundance at Villacum and Halberstadt; it is hard and like Pumice Stone in colour when first removed from the earth. Some term it Hematite, Blood-stone, Red Earthor Chalk.
BOLUS INDIACUS
Rulandus: is Al (unknown).
BONATI
Rulandus: That is pellucid.
BORADES
Rulandus: Fit for polishing.
BORAX
Rulandus: is Chrysocolla (Borax)or Ranunculus.
BORAX
Rulandus: is a gum with which gold and silver are combined. And it is called natural Attinckar.
BORACO
Rulandus: is also called a band of gold.
BORERS
or
CARBAS
Rulandus: East by North.
BORITIS
Rulandus: is the White Stone after the Black Slate. It reduces earth to water.
BOTAMUM
Rulandus: is votive lead.
BOTUS, BOTIA, BOTUS BARBATUS
or
BARBOTUS
Rulandus: is a vessel called Cucurbite, which see.
BOTUS BARBATUS
Rulandus: is a vessel imposed on another vessel into which gold is melted.
BONUS BARBOTUS
Rulandus: Vessel for melting
Rulandus: Vessel into which liquids are poured from above
Rulandus: Vessel for mixing
Rulandus: joined for the operation of fusion.
BOTIN
or
BUTIMO
Rulandus: is Turpentine. Item. Balsam of Turpentine is the essence
concentrated therefrom, according to the law of balsamic influence, a state when it is thought to have drawn more virtues from the heavens.
BOTHOR
Rulandus: is a pimply, postulous, tuberculous eruption on the skin, generally white; abscesses. Called also Box, Cezesmata, Pyrhedones.
BOTIUM
Rulandus: An abscess without excrescence in the gullet, like a wen. Boxus-Misletoe.
BRACTIA
Rulandus: A thin plate or scale of metal.
BRACTEAE LAMINAE
Rulandus: Larger plates of metal; an instrument like the sole of a shoe.
BRACTEAE FERREAE
Rulandus: Plates of iron.
BRACTEAE SIMUL JUNCTAE
Rulandus: Plates locked together.
BRACIUM
Rulandus: Copper.
BRARICIA
Rulandus: Glass.
BRASATELLA, BRASADELLA, OPHIOGLOSSUM, LINGUAR SERPENTINA, LANCEOLA, LINGULACA,
or
LANCER CHRISTI
Rulandus: terms for the most part signifying sharp pointed instruments like lances
Rulandus: are found frequently near Strasburg, and are natural objects.
BRASE
Rulandus: Coals, charcoal.
BRELISIS
Rulandus: That is, Katanos (unexplained).
BRUMATI TERREUM
Rulandus: A transparent vessel.
BRUNUS, BRIMIS
Rulandus: St. Anthony's Fire, Erysipelas. Called also Erythopelas and
Pyragion.
BRUTA
Rulandus: is a certain virtue of the celestial influence which is manifested to reasonable beings through the brute creation, as in the Chelidonia by the swallow, and in Salt by the stork. (The celandine is said to be used by swallows to restore sight to their young). N.B.
Rulandus: There is also a stone called Chelidonius, which was said to be found in the maws of young swallows.
BUCCELLARE
Rulandus: To feedor fatten.
BUCCELLARE
Rulandus: To cut in small pieces.
BULBUS BULBI
Rulandus: Probably the Sea-Onion or Sea-Leek. Officinal Squill.
BUCCATUM
Rulandus: Transparent.
BUGA
Rulandus: Leathern bottle in which running water is poured through a pipe.
BULGARE SE HAURIENS AQUAS
Rulandus: A leathern bottle for drawing up water.
BULGARUM GUBERNATOR
Rulandus: Overseer of the workshops.
BURINA
Rulandus: Pitch.
BURAC
Rulandus: Any species of Salt, called also by other names, such as Baurac Barago, Borax, Uritar, Angar.
BUSTA
Rulandus: Oiled with poison.
BUTIGA
Rulandus: Red spots or swellings, is an eruption of the whole face.
BUTYRUM SATURNI
Rulandus: Cheese of Saturn, i.e., Altheus of Lead.

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