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- Rulandus: Weight, ponderosity.
- Rulandus; A short stick.
- BACILLUM FERREUM FOSSORUM TERES
- Rulandus: Iron rod, with which a passage
- BACILLA EX ACIE FACTA
- Rulandus: A punch; otherwise, spike.
- BACILLA FERREA SUCULA INCLUSA
- Rulandus: A rod used in raising a winch,
- BACILLUM FERREUM
- Rulandus: A nailor push-pick.
- BACILLA FERREA
- Rulandus: Merchant-iron.
- BACULUS FERREUS
- Rulandus: is an iron instrument for the support of
a super-imposed vessel.
- BACILLA MAJORA FERREA UNCINATA
- Rulandus: The same, but larger, and
furnished with iron hooks.
- BACILLUS TERES STRIATUS
- Rulandus: A long hollow stick.
- Rulandus: A pound of 12 ounces.
- Rulandus: is Wax.
- Rulandus: is a kind of pulse.
- Rulandus: Burns and glows with a red colour, and is by some
called Placidus. Some think it to be the Carbuncle diminished in colour
and virtue, in the same proportion that the strength of the female differs
from that of the male. Some have ascertained that the outer portion of
one and the same stone belongs to the Balasius, the interior to the Carbuncle,
and thus the Balasius is said to be the house of the Carbuncle. The potency
of the Balasius consists in arresting and restraining impurity and evil
thoughts, conciliating differences between friends, and conducing to the
health of the human body. When preserved and drunk with water, it assists
weakness of the eyes, is serviceable in diseases of the liver, and, what
I conceive to be more wonderful, if the four angles of a house, garden,
or vineyard, be touched with a Balasius, it will enjoy immunity from lightning,
storms, and worms.
- Rulandus: Red Earth.
- BALNEUM MARIAE
- Rulandus: Warm Water.
- BALNEUM, ALUID MARIS, ALUID RORIS
- Rulandus: A bath of sea wateror
- BALNEUM MARISor
- Rulandus: is the dissolution of a substance
in a suitable vessel of warm water, after which it is placed in the copper
vessel belonging to it, and therein the operation is completed.
- BALNEUM RORIS
- Rulandus: is so called when a vessel does not touch the
water, but is heated by the ascending vapour of hot water, and the matter
in the vessel is dissolved thereby.
- BALNEUM MARIAEor
- BALNEUM MARIS
- Rulandus: As it is called
by many, is a distillatory furnace containing water, into which, when hot,
a chemical vessel is placed for the putrefaction of the substance contained
in it, for the separation of its component parts, and completing the process
of that kind of humid evaporation.
- BALNEUM RORISor
- Rulandus: Bath of Dew or Dewy Bath
is a furnace in which the distillatory vase is suspended only over the
steam of water, in such a manner that the waters do not touch the body.
We call this bath also by the name of Vapour Bath
- Rulandus: Balneum vaporosum
- Rulandus: Pitch, the moisture which remains.
- Rulandus: Balsam is a substance which preserves bodies from
putrefaction. It is internal and external. In man the internal is a certain
very moderating substance neither bitter nor sweet, neither acid nor mineral
salt, but a fluidic salt which most effectually prevents putrefaction.
It is also called a most tempered gluten of the nature of any body to which
it belongs. Briefly, it is the liquor of an interior salt most carefully
and naturally preserving its body from corruption. The external is Terebinth,
which, according to Paracelsus, suffers nothing but digestion from the
operation of fire.
In German, the term Baldzamen, i.e., quickly joined, is applied in
chirurgery to anything which effects a speedy cure. It is also a distilled
oil of the highest purity, and any principle which preserves a body, whether
dead or alive, from putrefaction. (A preserver of all bodies from destruction
and putrefaction. Of two kindsinternal and external. The internal is tempered
or moderate, neither sour nor sweet ; a resolved salt or juice of the salt
in man. Externally a balsam which prevents decay.)
- BALSUM OF MUMMIES
- Rulandus: is Balsam extracted from flesh.
- BALSAMUS ELEMENTORUM EXTERNUS
- Rulandus: External Balsam of the Elements
is Liquor of External Mercury, i.e., Mummy of the Exterior Elements, one
of the three
Principles of all Things, the Firmamental Essence of Existences, the
- BARACH PANIS
- Rulandus: Saltpetre.
- Rulandus: The Way of Fire.
- Rulandus: A Pound.
- BARNABUS, BARNAAS
- Rulandus: Wine of Saltpetre is a very acid vinegar.
- BASILICUS MINOR
- Rulandus: A kind of Lizard, Newtor Eft.
- Rulandus: Glass.
- Rulandus: Semen.
- Rulandus: is Coral.
- BATITURA AERIS
- Rulandus: Cubelatas. See Infra.
- Rulandus: A Shovel or Chafing-dish.
- BATTITURA RAMI
- Rulandus: is Copper Slag.
- BATTITURA AERIS
- Rulandus: is Metallic Slag; in Greek, Lepidos; in Arabic,
Cubelor Tubelor Fuligo (smoke, soot); in German, Haneerschlag.
- Rulandus: is Urine.
- Rulandus: is Conglomerate Salt.
- Rulandus: A substance obtained from the scum of glassor nitre
is Bores (untranslatable)
is Metallic Salt ; also a blemish in
is bleached Litharge of Sapphires, white Litharge Composition
is a kind of Salt, Sal Abzedi ; and Diabesis, i.e., covering of Quicksilver
is Vitreous Salt, Vitreous Refuse, Vitreous Spume, Vitreous Gall
is Attinckar, i.e., Rock Borax
is a certain species of Brine
is Baurac prepared by fire
is a Plaster with which fissures are covered.
Also Goldsmith's Meal
is also Saltpetre, Armenian and Sulphureous.
- Rulandus: is a vessel over which distillation takes place.
- Rulandus: is Balsam.
- Rulandus: is Circular.
- Rulandus: is a Transparent Vessel.
- Rulandus: is the art of perceiving visions in the Berillus.
- Rulandus: is a Crystal Mirror superstitiously consecrated
- Rulandus: A dark-coloured Resin obtained
from Turpentine. The Gum of the Juniper. Called also Bernix. Also a preparation
of Linseed Oil.
- Rulandus: This stone has much the same nature as the emerald;
Beryls are indigenous to India and are rarely found elsewhere. They are
all embellished with six angles, and their colour does not change, but
is increased when the angles are struck. The varieties of Beryl are as
1. The best and most esteemed are those which excel the green of the
deep seaor are otherwise of a middle colour between sea-green and cerulean.
2. Next to this species are the Chrysoberylli, a little paler, exhibiting
an effulgence in a gold colour. They glitter more faintly, and are surrounded
by a cloudy golden.
3. Chrysoprasus, more pallid than the last. They have a composite lustre
of gold and leek-green. They are regarded as a species of Prasius on account
of their gold-coloured spots, which seem, as it were, coagulated in the
sap of a leek, as before stated.
4. Hyacinthizontes, which properly should be classified with the Hyacinthus,
as their appearance demonstrates.
6. Cerini, i.e., wax-coloured Beryls.
7. Oleagini, i.e., of the colour of oil.
8. Similar to crystals. These have blemishes, cloudy spots, speckles,
Beryls are found about the Pontus. The Indians who, more than any other
nation, delight in Beryls, have falsified them by operating on crystals.
For the rest, the Beryl is supposed to compel love, to cure complaints
of the eye and liver, and to diminish the violence of vomiting ; exposed
to the sun, it is said that it will kindle a fire. See Pliny, 1. 37, c.
5; Solinus (Polychist, c. 55) and Albertus (Lapid.)
- Rulandus: Fungus, Sponge.
- BESONNA, BEZONNAR
- Rulandus: Toadstool.
- Rulandus: Green Stone, Diabase.
- BIARCHETUNSIM, PYTHIUM
- Rulandus: Names of White Lead.
- Rulandus: is Calips, Calybsor Steel.
- Rulandus: is the lightest, palest, and poorest species of
- Rulandus: Coeruleum Montanum. Glazed.
- Rulandus: Jews' Pitch, Fossil Tar, Dry Coal.
- Rulandus: Called by the Greeks Asphalt, possibly on account
of the asphalt lake in Judea, which is now called the Red Sea, where once
stood Sodom and Gomorrah. Out of this lake a viscous asphalt is obtained
which is useful to man when everything else near it is utterly barren.
Bitumen is also said to exist in large quantities in Assyria and Chaldea,
where it was used as mortar for walls. Indeed Semiramis is said to have
built the walls of Babylon entirely with bitumen. Bitumen is said to be
plentiful in Babylon because lightning is so frequent in that place. Bitumen
is nothing but a lime of water, very slowly extracted, similar to pitch,
and, as it were, an earthy pitch. On this account Dioscorides, in his first
book, makes mention of Bitumen immediately after treating of pitch, and
enumerates the species which are brought from Xtolia, Babylon, Zacynthos,
and Sicily. He states that it is of good quality when it is of purple colour,
or has a purplish brilliancy ; it is, on the contrary, bad and corrupt
when it is black. For the rest, as to its nature, Bitumen is twofold, viscous,
hard, earthy, and fluidic; in water also and in springs, as Curtius testifies,
in which state some use it instead of oil, calling it erroneously Sicilian
Oil. Pliny affirms that Bitumen is either Lime or an Earth; it is obtained
in the form of lime from the Judean lake. In Babylon it is found both white
and liquid, and this is Pissasphaltus (a mixture of pitch and resin), more
liquid and nearer to the nature of pitch. A beautiful passage in the ninth
metamorphosis of Ovid refers to the Bitumen derived from the earth: "As
the tenacious bitumen flows on the bountiful earth ". The best quality
is that, however, which comes from Judea. It is undoubtedly a species of
naphtha, but not naphtha proper, as some will have it. See Serapion in
his chapter of Brafalendus.
Naphtha is Petroleum, and a liquid oil. But Bitumen is Asphalt-hard,
tenacious; can be often reduced to powder, but is not soluble, and has
the offensive smell of naphtha. I am surprised that it should at times
be found in water, and is thus occasionally a substance in an element which
is hostile to fire, and again in an element which is friendly to fire;
it burns more fiercely when cast into running waters.
Nicander, in his Antidotes against Poison, affirms that Bitumen drives
away venomous animals. When drunk with wine, it certainly cures epilepsy.
Its vehement and sharp spirit expels the quartan ague. It is not incredible,
therefore, that it drives away venomous animals. It was used formerly in
colouring statues and hardening iron. See the Arabian writers on this subject,
also Dioscorides, Pliny, Solinus, Strabo, and others. A word may be added
concerning Pissasphalt. It is lighter than bitumen, and has its name from
picth and bitumen ; perhaps it exhales a mixed odour of both. It is of
that which is produced naturally, and that which is manufactured
by art from pitch and bitumen. The one is described by Dioscorides (1.
1, c. 18), the other by Pliny (1. 24 c. 7), (when bitumen and pitch are
melted together). That passage in the Third Georgics about the pitch of
Ida and black bitumen must be understood as referring to a cure for scab
in sheep, unless we are to understand the sordid and evil black Bitumen,
or liquid Sicilian Bitumen. For the rest, natural Pissasphalton is obtained
from the neighbourhood of Epidaurus. Other varieties of Bitumen are considered
- BITUMEN PERVERSUM
- Rulandus: is a liquid of uncertain nature, a kind
of limeor juice.
- BITUMEN SULPHUREA TERRA
- Rulandus: is a fatty sap or exudition; Brimstone,
Copper Ore containing Quartz, etc.
There are many species of Bitumen: Liquid, like oil in appearance, and
petroleum. There is the odorous liquid Bitumen of Saxony, cleansing, and
with a smell of natural camphor. There is the gross, black Bitumen, which
takes its name from the Lake of Sodom; with this the Moors embalm dead
bodies. There is the black, gross Palestine Bitumen, which is dug up like
coal from the earth.
- BLANCA MULIERUMor
- BLACTARA MULIERUM
- Rulandus: are names of
- Rulandus: is prepared Presil (unknown).
- Rulandus: Red Earth.
- Rulandus: is a kind of vessel.
- BODID, OVUM
- Rulandus: Egg.
- Rulandus: Living Calx.
- Rulandus: Coral:
- Rulandus: Slime, clay, devoid of any mineral substance.
- Rulandus: is, in metallurgyore decayed by the weather; in mineralogy,
a substance formed in small crystals on the surface of a stone.
- Rulandus: is a specific coagulate, which is essential and chemical,
a certain essence freed from impurities and foreign matters by coagulation,
which is necessarily preceded by solution; it is a separation and solidification
such as that which is seen in boli, to give them a fixity and homogeneous
shape like the Bolaris, but it makes little difference to the essence.
This passage almost defies translation.
1. The white Julian Bolus, made of the yoke of eggs, approaching red
in colour. The Armenian variety is not dissimilar.
2. The true Pannonian Bolus.
3. The Yolk of Theophrastus.
4. The Bohemian Bolus, white or red, invented by Paracelsus.
5. Bolus of Anneberg; mountain Bolus.
6. The true Armenian Bolus, prized by the Turkish Sultan, and used by
the Turks against fever, plague, and quinsy.
The Armenian Bolus, Cartwrights' Earth.
The Armenian Bolus, found in abundance at Villacum and Halberstadt;
it is hard and like Pumice Stone in colour when first removed from the
earth. Some term it Hematite, Blood-stone, Red Earthor Chalk.
- BOLUS INDIACUS
- Rulandus: is Al (unknown).
- Rulandus: That is pellucid.
- Rulandus: Fit for polishing.
- Rulandus: is Chrysocolla (Borax)or Ranunculus.
- Rulandus: is a gum with which gold and silver are combined. And
it is called natural Attinckar.
- Rulandus: is also called a band of gold.
- Rulandus: East by North.
- Rulandus: is the White Stone after the Black Slate. It reduces
earth to water.
- Rulandus: is votive lead.
- BOTUS, BOTIA, BOTUS BARBATUSor
- Rulandus: is a vessel
called Cucurbite, which see.
- BOTUS BARBATUS
- Rulandus: is a vessel imposed on another vessel into
which gold is melted.
- BONUS BARBOTUS
- Rulandus: Vessel for melting
Rulandus: Vessel into which liquids
are poured from above
Rulandus: Vessel for mixing
Rulandus: joined for the operation
- Rulandus: is Turpentine. Item. Balsam of Turpentine
is the essence
concentrated therefrom, according to the law of balsamic influence,
a state when it is thought to have drawn more virtues from the heavens.
- Rulandus: is a pimply, postulous, tuberculous eruption on the
skin, generally white; abscesses. Called also Box, Cezesmata, Pyrhedones.
- Rulandus: An abscess without excrescence in the gullet, like
a wen. Boxus-Misletoe.
- Rulandus: A thin plate or scale of metal.
- BRACTEAE LAMINAE
- Rulandus: Larger plates of metal; an instrument like
the sole of a shoe.
- BRACTEAE FERREAE
- Rulandus: Plates of iron.
- BRACTEAE SIMUL JUNCTAE
- Rulandus: Plates locked together.
- Rulandus: Copper.
- Rulandus: Glass.
- BRASATELLA, BRASADELLA, OPHIOGLOSSUM, LINGUAR SERPENTINA, LANCEOLA,
- LANCER CHRISTI
- Rulandus: terms for the most part signifying
sharp pointed instruments like lances
Rulandus: are found frequently near Strasburg,
and are natural objects.
- Rulandus: Coals, charcoal.
- Rulandus: That is, Katanos (unexplained).
- BRUMATI TERREUM
- Rulandus: A transparent vessel.
- BRUNUS, BRIMIS
- Rulandus: St. Anthony's Fire, Erysipelas. Called also
- Rulandus: is a certain virtue of the celestial influence which
is manifested to reasonable beings through the brute creation, as in the
Chelidonia by the swallow, and in Salt by the stork. (The celandine is
said to be used by swallows to restore sight to their young). N.B.
- Rulandus: There
is also a stone called Chelidonius, which was said to be found in the maws
of young swallows.
- Rulandus: To feedor fatten.
- Rulandus: To cut in small pieces.
- BULBUS BULBI
- Rulandus: Probably the Sea-Onion or Sea-Leek. Officinal
- Rulandus: Transparent.
- Rulandus: Leathern bottle in which running water is poured through
- BULGARE SE HAURIENS AQUAS
- Rulandus: A leathern bottle for drawing up
- BULGARUM GUBERNATOR
- Rulandus: Overseer of the workshops.
- Rulandus: Pitch.
- Rulandus: Any species of Salt, called also by other names, such
as Baurac Barago, Borax, Uritar, Angar.
- Rulandus: Oiled with poison.
- Rulandus: Red spots or swellings, is an eruption of the whole
- BUTYRUM SATURNI
- Rulandus: Cheese of Saturn, i.e., Altheus of Lead.